|Details of Adam and Eve
15 "Then the LORD God took the man and put him into the garden of Eden to cultivate it and keep it.
16 The LORD God commanded the man, saying, “From any [you may see "every" or "all"] tree of the garden you may eat freely;
17 but from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat from it you will surely die."
|Now God starts more details on the making of humankind. He explains that He put the new man (Adam) into the garden of Eden to take care of the magnificent garden. For the first time in the Bible, God gives humankind a directive. God gave Adam total happiness and freedom to eat of and admire the garden fruits and vegetables and trees. HOWEVER, he cannot "eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. He declares the punishment to be death.
Adam was to cultivate and "keep" the garden. How happy could we be if we had nothing to do forever. Today, we would like to have nothing to do for a while. However, we would go nutzy if we had nothing to do very long. God knew this; so He gave Adam a job. This was not a tough job. Adam was going to tend to His "Garden" with love and care. He was not to be a "worker" or "farmer" fighting disease, weeds, rocks, rain, etc. He was to also "keep" (literally - to guard) it, or be its "gardener". The "guarding' was not for any outside enemies, etc. Adam was to guard by exercising careful and loving stewardship , keeping it beautiful.
There are a few things to consider. Every time one reads the scripture, you can always pick up something else. When God directed Adam, Eve was not there. Another thing is the question whether Adam would know what death was. After all, no living thing had ever died before. It is the same with rain. If the eco system is as we have been discussing, would the people have known what rain was until the rains came at the Flood? Was there sin before the Ten Commandments were given? Many questions arise. That is what makes studying scripture so important. The answer is there; but, we have to pray and study to understand.
The "tree of the knowledge of good and evil" may be hard to understand. We always see the tree as an apple tree (actually was probably a fig or similar tree for the geographical area). When Adam and Eve ate the apple, they were ashamed (more on that later). So a change would occur if one ate the fruit. Let us look at the "good and evil" words. What did Adam know in associated with sin. Nothing! He had not sinned; God made a sinless world. So, did Adam even know what good and evil were? Now I believe THAT is the point. There was no secret juice of poison in the fruit that would kill them. What results is the guilt of having disobeyed God. If Adam followed God's instructions, there would have been no sin, no evil, and therefore, no knowledge of evil (hence, "knowledge of good and evil"). However, when Adam disobeyed (more on this later; Adam blamed for the "original sin"), there would be death. With the instructions from God, would Adam had known or realized what the extent of the punishment would be? Whatever Adam knew or did not know about the details, if Adam had obeyed there would never have been any problem with God. Also, the "death" about which God spoke would not be immediate. That is, one would not drop dead when the fruit was eaten. But, he would spiritually die as soon as the fruit was eaten. Now inevitable end would be death. There would be spiritual death or separation from God. The physical principal of decay of the body takes over and, eventually, there would be physical death.
18 "Then the LORD God said, “It is not good for the man to be alone; I will make him a helper [help meet] suitable for him."
|God said it was not "good". This is not a statement of evil; it is a statement of incompleteness. God made woman last on the sixth day. THEN, the creation was complete. It would have been some imperfection had God not added the woman because Adam would have been lonely. All of what God had made in the animals, birds, etc. were made "male and female of their own kind". However, there was no female counterpart for the human (Hebrew: neged "mate" or "counterpart").
19 "Out of the ground the LORD God formed every beast of the field and every bird of the sky, and brought them to the man to see what he would call them; and whatever the man called a living creature, that was its name.
20 The man gave names to all the cattle, and to the birds of the sky, and to every beast of the field, but for ŁAdam there was not found a helper suitable for him."
|It appears here that animals were made for Adam (after Adam made). God was going to make the mate for Adam. Does it mean that God first tried to make animals, etc. enough for Adam without any other mate? God said to make a help mate. Certainly, He would not have tried first with the companionship of animals. God wants to get Adam to understand the world around him. God has already created the animals. So God brings the animals (beasts of the field and the birds - no sea animals, creeping things, or beasts of the earth) to Adam so he could name them. The animals are most likely the animals that were close or in the Garden.This gave Adam more of an understanding of the world around him. But is also let him know over what he would dominate or have rulership. Be sure, Adam saw the differences between himself and the male and female animals. He realized that the humans were different (in the image of God). There was no kinship and no evolution to a human.
21 "So the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall upon the man, and he slept; then He took one of his ribs and closed up the flesh at that place.
22 The LORD God fashioned into a woman the rib which He had taken from the man, and brought her to the man. "
|We could imagine that when the "naming" of the animals was complete, God probably told Adam what He was going to do. Adam was going to sleep. When he woke up, he would have a life-time companion with whom to share life. God now performs the first operation. There is no knowledge of pain in this world yet. The sleep is probably to have a form of "death" of his individual "oneness" to a new pair "oneness". God was about to make a new life.
Some say that the word "rib" may be a poor translation. Better words could be "He took from his "side" (Hebrew: tsela). Out of at least 35 times in the OT, the word tsela is only "rib" in this case. The point of the "rib" or "side" is to emphasize the fact that there was nothing removed from on top, such as his head, for that would give the indication of "superiority". Also, there was nothing removed from the bottom of his body, such as his feet, for that would infer "inferiority". Instead, God took part of the side of Adam to translate to us the equality and companionship. Henry Morris, though not trying to re-write the Bible, put these verses this way in his book The Genesis Record:
|Don't think of this as a childlike story (about the rib). Men do not have one rib less than a woman. Think of it as the beauty of God setting up a oneness relationship, man to woman, that would last a lifetime. Thoughts have been expressed on what was the "side". Most who believe in Genesis say that it probably, literally, was bone, flesh, and blood. In the next verse Adam expresses this idea.
|There is a resemblance of this "story" of the "first Adam" and the "second Adam" (Jesus). Adam gave of his flesh and bones from his side to give life to his wife. Jesus gave of his blood and water from His side to give life to all humankind if we desire to be his "bride" (Marriage of the Lamb).
This is very important. Eve was made from Adam.She was to work alongside him to accomplish what God commissioned then to do ("fill the earth" and "subdue" it). She was the same flesh (body) and life )soul) as Adam. Her eternal spirit (image of God) came FROM GOD, NOT from Adam. That means she was totally independent for mind and will and totally dependent (upon God and each other).
23 "The man said, “This is now bone of my bones, And flesh of my flesh; She shall be called Woman, Because she was taken out of Man.”
24 For this reason a man shall leave his father and his mother, and be joined to his wife; and they shall become one flesh.
25 And the man and his wife were both naked and were not ashamed."
|As the previous verses commentary said, Adam now states that the woman is the bone of his bones and the flesh of his flesh. Adam, true to his responsibility of naming, stated she shall be called Woman (Hebrew: ishtah. A literal version of the Hebrew would appear strange, and yet a literal version is the only proper one. The ish means man, and the word for what we term woman has the feminine termination is ishshah. This literally means she-man.
This is the obvious place that God sanctified marriage between and Man and Woman. "For this reason" refers to the oneness just established by God in the making of a woman out of a man. They are "one flesh". That is from where all this "oneness" comes. When they marry, they are to cling to each other. They are not subject to their "earthly" father and mother. Adam and his woman were subject to God the Father. However, SO ARE WE ALL. The permanence of the individual home with one father and one mother is established here and confirmed in other places However, man has tried to corrupt that principle many times (Eccl. 7:29). But Jesus said that from the beginning, it was monogamous (Matt 19:6-8 and Mark 10:2-12).
Ethnologists and anthropologists have found evidence over time that the monogamous all for life marriage has everywhere been considered the ideal and preferred form of family. As from the previous scripture reference, Jesus considered marriage from the beginning as historical (real) and not allegorical (story or myth).
Verse 25 talks about shame. At this time in their lives, there was no shame. They knew each other; there were no other people around; they were innocent; and there was no thought of moral guilt. Therefore, there was no reason to be ashamed. When sin creeps in, guilt and shame are the first items to come about.
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