|Genealogy of Cain
16 "Then Cain went out from the presence of the LORD, and settled in the land of Nod, east of Eden.
17 Cain had relations with his wife and she conceived, and gave birth to Enoch; and he built a city, and called the name of the city Enoch, after the name of his son.
18 Now to Enoch was born Irad, and Irad became the father of Mehujael, and Mehujael became the father of Methushael, and Methushael became the father of Lamech.
19 Lamech took to himself two wives: the name of the one was Adah, and the name of the other, Zillah.
20 Adah gave birth to Jabal; he was the father of those who dwell in tents and have livestock.
21 His brother’s name was Jubal; he was the father of all those who play the lyre and pipe.
22 As for Zillah, she also gave birth to Tubal-cain, the forger of all implements of bronze and iron; and the sister of Tubal-cain was Naamah.
23 Lamech said to his wives, “Adah and Zillah, Listen to my voice, You wives of Lamech, Give heed to my speech, For I have killed a man for wounding me; And a boy for striking me;
24 If Cain is avenged sevenfold, Then Lamech seventy-sevenfold.”
25 Adam had relations with his wife again; and she gave birth to a son, and named him Seth, for, she said, “God has appointed me another offspring in place of Abel, for Cain killed him.”
26 To Seth, to him also a son was born; and he called his name Enosh. Then men began to call upon the name of the LORD."
This flow chart should make it a little easier to picture the generations of Cain. God sends Cain out to the land of Nod. The word "nod" means "wandering". That is what Cain would be doing the rest of his life. Also, it is conceivable that be exiled to the land of Nod just means that Cain was exiled to wander. Cain and his wife, his sister, had a child named Enoch. Cain probably actually built a town called Enoch to commemorate his son Enoch. Note that there are two names Mehujael and Methushaelt, that end in "el". This is the Jewish word for God. So there must have been some references and acknowledgment of God although God was not followed.
Lamech probably was the person who led the Cainites in rebellion against God. It began when Enoch defies God order of things by taking two wives. One motive to have two wives may have been the motive of "being fruitful'. The more wives, the more children. He also domesticated some animals. It is thought that he may have been the first recorded person in the Bible that ate meat. That also would have gone against God' law. It should be realized that contrary to what some, not all, archeologists believe, the organization of society (urbanization, agriculture, animal domestication , metallurgy, etc.) happened rather quickly, not in hundreds of thousands of years.
The line of Adam and Seth seemed to have a more spiritual outlook. They were directed to know and worship God. Adam and Eve believed that they were given another son Seth to replace Abel. That is evident from the word "appointed" which means "directed".
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