This chapter has one of the most controversial of the Bible. The world is of one language. The most likely language what was universal is Hebrew. Nimrod was an evil man and was king. The society he "created" was very corrupt. Babylon was terrible with pantheism (deeply revering the universe and nature; joyfully accepting and embracing life, the body, and earth; does not believe in any supernatural deities, entities, or powers), polytheism (believe in many gods), and idolatry (using images in worship). So what was God to do AGAIN? He had already had the Flood. That was definitely not going to happen again (as His covenant with Noah says). God looked at the people and what they were doing in this center of world Satanism, Babylon. The people attempted to build a tower to heaven. God then decides to confound (confuse) the existing language. This would prevent the people from being able to communicate with each other. This would be very frustrating to Nimrod. Now he could not accomplish anything to make him greater. This also creates a method for God to introduce multiple languages into the world.
The system of belief included astrology, the knowledge and study of the stars and heavenly bodies. Many gods were named from the signs of the zodiac. The system of belief also wanted to unify humanity under a single government, of course, headed by Nimrod. Babylon was the center from which all the non-Christian religions came about. The Bible calls Babylon the "mother of harlots,a nd abominations of the earth"and other referencing of the corruption of Babylon and the punishment to come about at the "end" (Rev. 14:8; Rev. 17:5; Rev. 18:2-3). So God sees Babylon as epitomizing the worst world corruption that can exist.
We were to set up earthly governments to subdivide the population into workable and controllable social units or nations. Each would contribute its knowledge and gifts to the world and local groups. No individual of separate government was to gain advantage over the others by dishonest or immoral methods. Should anyone do this, the government was to have a way of penalizing those persons. That was what God was seeing; Nimrod, a ruthless person, was taking advantage over all.
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