|God's Covenant with Noah
8 "Then God spoke to Noah and to his sons with him, saying,
9 “Now behold, I Myself do establish My covenant with you, and with your descendants after you;
10 and with every living creature that is with you, the birds, the cattle, and every beast of the earth with you; of all that comes out of the ark, even every beast of the earth.
11 “I establish My covenant with you; and all flesh shall never again be cut off by the water of the flood, neither shall there again be a flood to destroy the earth.”
12 God said, “This is the sign of the covenant which I am making between Me and you and every living creature that is with you, for all successive generations;
13 I set My bow in the cloud, and it shall be for a sign of a covenant between Me and the earth.
14 “It shall come about, when I bring a cloud over the earth, that the bow will be seen in the cloud,
15 and I will remember My covenant, which is between Me and you and every living creature of all flesh; and never again shall the water become a flood to destroy all flesh.
16 “When the bow is in the cloud, then I will look upon it, to remember the everlasting covenant between God and every living creature of all flesh that is on the earth.”
17 And God said to Noah, “This is the sign of the covenant which I have established between Me and all flesh that is on the earth.””
God is just, forgiving, and gives grace. He is also righteous. That means He will punish appropriately. But, afterwards historically in the Bible, He always gives another chance. The only time there is not another chance is in Revelation at the end times. However, even during all of the tribulations of end times, God was there waiting for people to convert. At this Flood time, God knows the extent of the Flood. He decides that He will never put the earth through this kind of a catastrophe again. As a matter of fact, He makes a one-sided, unconditional covenant with Noah and all his descendants. He even makes the covenant to include every living creature out of the Ark. God sets up a rainbow in the sky as a sign ("token" in KJV means sign) to show the termination of the universal Flood. This does NOT mean there will not ever be a flood. It means there will never be a universal flood. Every time a rainbow shows God will "remember" His covenant. Since God does not forget, what does "remember" mean? The Hebrew word zakar means to make mindful or bring to mind. Although "remember" can be to bring to mind; for God it would be something similar to being mindful of.
When the word "rainbow" is used (3 times more), it is always seen around judgments and sufferings (Ezek. 1:28; Rev. 4:3; Rev. 10:1). All three were to precede judgments on Israel or all peoples.
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