Genealogy and Nations of Japheth

Gen. 10:1-5:
1 "Now these are the records of the generations of Shem, Ham, and Japheth, the sons of Noah; and sons were born to them after the flood.
2 The sons of Japheth were Gomer and Magog and Madai and Javan and Tubal and Meshech and Tiras.
3 The sons of Gomer were Ashkenaz and Riphath and Togarmah.
4 The sons of Javan were Elishah and* Tarshish, Kittim and Dodanim.
5 From these the coastlands of the nations were separated into their lands, every one according to his language, according to their families, into their nations.


This chapter starts off with a statement that the genealogy of the sons of Noah are to be presented. Also, the genealogy of the sons or the sons shall be given. The first 5 verses are straight forward. The sons of Japheth, the oldest of Noah's sons; the sons of Gomer; and the sons of Javan were given. The flow diagram below shows in pictorial form (usually much easier to understand) the "begats" of verses 1-5. In addition, there are indications on the diagram of the nations.

Verse 1 just makes a statement that the following information in scripture is the listing of the generations of Noah's sons. The references made to various nations or countries are justified through archeological findings and historians. For example, Japheth is found in the literature as Iapetos, the legendary father of the Greeks and Iyapeti, the reputed ancestor of the Aryans in India. Gomer's son Ashkenaz is identified with Germany. To this day, German Jews are called the Ashkenaz. Some ethnologists think the name Ashkenaz also is used under the names of Scandia and Saxon because the colonists from Germany made their way into Denmark and the northern islands.

Another son of Gomer, Riphath, is idenfied by Josephus as the ancestor of the Paphlagonians or the Carpathians. Perhaps the name Europe is a corruption of Riphath. The third son of Gomer, Togarmah, is the ancestor of the ancient people known as Armenians. The Armenians today (have a section of Jerusalem even today) claim that tradition.

The son Magog many of you have heard mentioned before. The name means "the place of Gog". This could refer to the area of Georgia near the Black Sea. Josephus says that Magog of Gog preceded the Scythians, also inhabiting areas around the Black Sea. Magog is associated in the Bible with two other sons of Japheth, Meshech and Tubal (Ezek. 38:2-3). Meshech goes to Msukovi (Russia) and Moscow. Tubal is known in Assyrian monuments as the Tibareni (Russian city of Tobolsk). These three names are the ones given responsibility of the start of Russia. This is a major consideration in Revelation (See Gog and Magog in Revelation 20)

Javan is listed as the father of elishah, Tract, Kittim, and dodanim. "Hellas" is the form of Elishah applied to Greece. The Iliad mentions the Eilesian people.

Tarshish has been identified with early settlers of Tartessos in Spain and Carthage in North Africa. These people were also Phoenicians which are attributed to Canaanites. Kittim is connected with Cyprus. Mesopotania could have come from Ma-Kittim, "the land of Kittim" giving rise to the name Macedonia. Josephus says that Tiras was the ancestor of the Thracians. Also Tiras gave rise to the Etruscans of Italy.

So, A can be seen, the races and nations came about through Noah's descendants. Although some of the identifications are uncertain, they are reasonable.The descendants of Japheth were the start of "gentiles".



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